DEFINITION: To protect, feed. Oldest form *pe2-, colored to *pa2-, contracted to *pa-.
Derivatives include fodder, forage, fur, food, foster, pasture, pantry, and company.

  1. Suffixed form *p-trom.
    • a. fodder, from Old English fdor, fodder;
    • b. forage, foray, fourragère, from Old French feurre, fodder;
    • c. fur, furrier, from Old French forre, fuerre, trimming made from animal skin, fur (< “sheath, case, lining”). a–c all from Germanic *fdram.
  2. Suffixed form *p-dhlom (doublet of *p-trom). pabulum, from Latin pabulum, food, fodder.
  3. Extended form *pt-.
    • a. food, from Old English fada, food, from Germanic *fd-, food;
    • b. feed, from Old English fadan, to feed, from Germanic denominative *fdjan, to give food to;
    • c. suffixed form *pt-tro-. foster, from Old English fastor, food, nourishment, from Germanic *fstra-.
  4. Extended form *ps-.
    • a. Suffixed form *ps-sko-. pasture; antipasto, repast, from Latin pascere, to feed;
    • b. suffixed form *ps-tor-. pastern, pastor, pester, from Latin pastor, shepherd;
    • c. suffixed form *ps-t-ni-. panada, panatela, panic grass, pannier, panocha, pantry, pastille, penuche; appanage, companion1, company, from Latin panis, bread.
  5. Suffixed form *p-tor-. bezoar, from Persian pad, protecting against, from Iranian *ptar- (Avestan ptar-).
  6. Suffixed form *p-won-, protector. satrap, from Old Persian khshathra-pv, protector of the province. (Pokorny p- 787, 1. p(i)- 839.)